- The usual name of a directory containing runnable programs, possibly
derived from the term binary or simply the english word
denoting a container.
- The name extension applied to all hosts within a given DNS
(Domain Name Service)
hierarchy of Internet hosts. For example, the full hostname
refers to a machine named
within the domain
origin.ea.com, which is itself within the domain
ea.com, and is considered a subdomain thereof.
- The directory structure created on one disk partition or equivalent.
Other filesystems may be mounted upon directories within an
Accesses to such directory then refer to the other mounted filesystems.
May also refer to an illusory filesystem managed by a fileserver to
represent hierarchic data.
Nested mounting is valid, and may be carried to amazing lengths.
- Usually refers to a user's home directory, the
pathname to which is the value of the
environment variable named HOME.
In descendents of the csh, this value can be implied
by the tilde character, ~, in a process called
The home directory is the default work area for a user,
contains most user-specific customization files,
and is the default target of the cd command.
- The name used to identify a particular instance of machine, and used
to distinguish it from all other hosts in the world. Usually maps to
one or more Internet addresses, and a host may have additional hostnames.
- The usual name of a directory containing compilation or runtime
program libraries, generally in structured machine language archives.
- The usual name of a directory containing online documentation
in the form of manual pages.
- The name of a file, possibly starting with a sequence of directory
names separated by slashes "/", and possibly starting from the root
directory of the filesystem, meaning that the pathname would itself
start with a slash "/"
(this latter could be called a "root-", "full-", or "absolute-" pathname,
- The name of a pod, a directory which should contain one or
more of the following directories which may be automatically sought for
inclusion in the appropriate searchpaths at sites supporting this abstraction:
- The usual name of a directory containing source code.
- A list of directories which are searched in preparation for some
The searchpath is generally set in an environment variable, so once
it is set, all subprocesses spawned will inherit the same searchpaths.
- the searchpath for commands
- the searchpath for manual pages
- the searchpath for changing directories
- the searchpath for dynamic libraries
- The usual name of a directory containing temporary information.
Most such directories are generally purged of older files automatically
by the system on a periodic basis.
Many are also purged on reboots.
- The account name customarily used by a user to login to a computer.
- The name of a data volume. While similar to pods, volumes are not
automatically search for subdirectories