<FORM ACTION="mailto:email@example.com"> <MH HIDDEN>Subject: WWW Questionaire</MH> Please help up to improve the World Wide Web by filling in the following questionaire: <P>Your organization? <INPUT NAME="org" SIZE="48"> <P>Commercial? <INPUT NAME="commerce" TYPE=checkbox> How many users? <INPUT NAME="users" TYPE=int> <P>Which browsers do you use? <UL> <LI>X Mosaic <INPUT NAME="browsers" TYPE=checkbox VALUE="xmosaic"> <LI>Cello <INPUT NAME="browsers" TYPE=checkbox VALUE="cello"> <LI>Others <TEXTAREA NAME="others" COLS=48 ROWS=4></TEXTAREA> </UL> A contact point for your site: <INPUT NAME="contact" SIZE="42"> <P>Many thanks on behalf of the WWW central support team. <P ALIGN=CENTER><INPUT TYPE=submit> <INPUT TYPE=reset> </FORM>This fictitious example is a questionnaire that will be emailed to firstname.lastname@example.org .
Servers can disable forms by sending an appropriate header or by an attribute on the optional HTMLPLUS element at the very start of the document, e.g. <htmlplus forms=off> .
Here, the <P> and <UL> elements have been used to lay out the text (and input fields. The browser has changed the background color within the FORM element to distinguish the form from other parts of the document. The browser is responsible for handling the input focus, i.e. which field will currently get keyboard input.
For many platforms there will be existing conventions for forms, e.g. "tab" and "shift-tab" keys to move the keyboard focus forwards and backwards between fields, while an "Enter" key submits the form. In the example, the "submit" and "reset" buttons are specified explicitly with special purpose fields. The "submit" button is used to email the form or send its contents to the server as specified by the ACTION attribute, while the "reset" button resets the fields to their initial values. When the form consists of a single text field, it may be appropriate to leave such buttons out and rely on the "Enter" key.
The INPUT element is used for a large variety of typed of input fields.
When you need to let users enter more than one line of text, you should use the TEXTAREA element.