[moon] home
IPv4

Erlkönig: 日本語 youkoso Ch 3 Notes

Class notes from January 2003
parent
[parent webpage]

server
[webserver base]

search
[search erlkonig webpages]

trust
[import certificates]


homes
[talisman]
[zoion]

These are my own notes, not an official part of any japanese class.
If you're using them, it's your own fault :-).
If you find any mistakes in here, please tell me!

youkoso chapter 3 pp 179 238

currently complete to page 184

[go to source text]

[an error occurred while processing this directive]

ni
hon
go
kanji with furikana using inline tables. Variants:
ei
english
ei

conversation: you're always busy!

itsumo 忙isogashii desu ne.
buraun三村san, 明日 no 午後gogo ha hima desu ka.
三村: 残念zannen desu ga, arubaito ga arimasu.
buraunjiyaa, 明後日 no 午後 ha dou desu ka.
三村: 明後日 ha kurasu no miteingu ga arimasu.
buraun三村san ha itsumo 忙shii desu ne.

query/answer: are you free?

Query: 明日ashita, hima desu ka.
Yes: ee, hima desu ga…
No: chiyo'to, 用事youji ga arimasu.

query/answer: do you have free time?

Query: 明日, 時間jikan ga arimasu ka.
Yes: hai, arimasu yo.
No: chiyo'to, 忙isogashii desu.

query/answer: are you busy?

Query: 明日, 忙shii desu ka.
Yes: ee, chiyo'to…
No: iie, hima desu yo.

adjectives

english stem type notes
romajikanji
regrettably zannen 残念 na 493 bone-rending + 念561concern

counters:

~tsu
counter
the two
~日
monthday (see p.515)
the second
一tsuhitotsu一日tsuitachi
二tsuhutatsu二日hutsuka
三tsumi'tsu三日mi'ka
四tsuyo'tsu四日yo'ka
五tsuitsutsu五日itsuka
六tsumu'tsu六日muika
七tsunanatsu七日nanoka
八tsuya'tsu八日youka
九tsukokonotsu九日kokonoka
_too_十日tooka
十一tsujiyuuichitsu十一日jiyuuichinichi
十二tsujiyuunitsu十二日jiyuuninichi
十三tsujiyuusantsu十三日jiyuusannichi
十四tsu十四日jiyuuyo'ka
十五tsujiyuugotsu十五日jiyuugonichi
十六tsujiyuurokutsu十六日jiyuurokunichi
十七tsujiyuushichitsu十七日jiyuushichinichi
十八tsujiyuuhachitsu十八日jiyuuhachinichi
十九tsujiyuukutsu十九日jiyuukunichi
二十tsu二十日hatsuka
二十一tsu二十一日nijiyuuichinichi
二十二tsu二十二日nijiyuuninichi
二十三tsu二十三日nijiyuusannichi
二十四tsu二十四日nijiyuuyo'ka
二十五tsu二十五日nijiyuugonichi
二十六tsu二十六日nijiyuurokunichi
二十七tsu二十七日nijiyuushichinichi
二十八tsu二十八日nijiyuuhachinichi
二十九tsu二十九日nijiyuukunichi
三十tsu三十日sanjiyuunichi
三十一tsu三十一日sanjiyuuichinichi

time segments

past, present, and future

-2 -1 0 +1
来 = coming
+2
再 = next/after
一昨日ototoi 昨日kinouor
sakujitsu
今日kiyou 明日ashita 明後日asa'te
先先週sensenshiyuu 先週senshiyuu 今週konshiyuu 来週raishiyuu 再来週saraishiyuu
先月sengetsu 今月kongetsu 来月raigetsu 再来月saraigetsu
一昨年ototoshi 去年
昨年
kiyounen
sakunen
latter is formal
今年kotoshi 来年rainen 再来年sarainen

questions and miscellany

kanji reading meaning uses/notes
今朝 keki this morning not read as 「kiyou asa」
今日no午後 kiyounogogo this afternoon
今晩 konban tonight
何日 nannichi what day?
何曜日 nanyoubi what weekday?
何周 nanshiyuu what week? [conjecture]
何月 nangatsu what month?
何年 nannen what year?
何年何月何日 refer above what date? …desuka.
毎日 mainichi every day
毎週 maishiyuu every week
毎月 maitsuki every month not read as 「maigatsu」

kanji

index grade kanji on reading kun reading meaning uses and other notes

vocabulary

vi verb intransive, vt verb transitive
word reading type meaning uses/notes
verbs, irregular (class 3)
来ru kuru kimasu, kimasendeshita
suru vt do shimasu, shimasendeshita
verbs, constant stem (class 2, ichidan)
起kiru okiru vi awake 起kimasu
obiru v bathe obimasu
着ru kiru v wear, put on 着masu
着替eru kigaeru v change clothes 着替emasu
変eru kaeru vt change 変emasu
食beru taberu vt eat 食bemasu
出ru deru v leave 出masu
出kakeru dekakeru v go out 出kakemasu
疲reru tsukareru vi tire 疲remasu
寝ru neru v einschlafen 寝masu
始meru hajimeru vt start 始memasu
(see intr. hajimaru, class 2)
見ru miru vt see, watch 見masu
verbs, mutable stem (class 1, godan)
aru v exist (inanimate) arimasu, nai
歩ku aruku vi walk 歩kimasu
iru v exist (animate) imasu, iranai
要ru iru v need, want 要ramasu
入ru hairu v enter hairamasu
行ku iku v go 行kimasu
遊bu asobu v play 遊bimasu
読mu yomu vt read 読mimasu
泳gu oyogu v swim 泳gimasu
待tsu matsu v wait 待chimasu
会u au v meet 会imasu
話su hanasu v speak 話shimasu
洗u arau v wash 洗imasu
聞ku kiku v listen 聞kimasu
立tsu tatsu v stand up 立chimasu
飲mu nomu vt drink 飲mimasu
働ku hataraku v work 働kimasu
休mu yasumu v rest 休mimasu
乗ru noru v ride 乗rimasu
書ku kaku v write 書kimasu
描ku kaku v draw 描kimasu
眠ru nemuru v sleep 眠rimasu
買u kau vt buy 買imasu
切ru kiru v cut 切rimasu
知ru shiru v know 知rimasu
帰ru kaeru v go back 帰rimasu
走ru hashiru v run 走rimasu
tokasu v comb tokashimasu
磨ku migaku v brush, polish 磨kimasu
脱gu nugu v remove clothes 脱gimasu
剃ru soru v shave 剃rimasu
始maru hajimaru vi start 始marimasu
(see trans. hajimeru, class 1)
終ru owaru v finish 終rimasu
渡ru wataru vt cross, hand over 渡rimasu
adverbs
nouns
adjectives
disencrypt lang [de jp fr] diff backlinks (sec) validate printable
Walk without rhythm and you won't attract the worm.
[ Your browser's CSS support is broken. Upgrade! ]
alexsiodhe, christopher north-keys, christopher alex north-keys